ST. ANDREWS, Scotland -- It's not all 19th-century clubs in Scotland. In fact, few countries have added such tremendous designs in the 21st century. Many of the game's biggest names in course design have laid out links, including Tom Doak, Gil Hanse, Martin Hawtree, Donald Steele and David McLay Kidd. Even players Gene Sarazen and Sam Torrance delivered designs at the Fairmont St. Andrews.
Some links were manufactured out of farmland, like the Torrance and Kittocks Courses at the Fairmont St. Andrews, the Castle Course in St. Andrews and Kingsbarns Golf Links. Others were plotted out naturally, like Machrihanish Dunes, Trump International Golf Links and Castle Stuart Golf Links. Regardless of philosophy and how much earth was moved, each design is a worthy complement to the historic links of the home of golf.
From East Lothian to the Scottish Highlands, here's a look at Scotland's new breed.
Kingsbarns golf course
Kingsbarns Golf Links could be the most successful 21st-century links in Scotland.
Courtesy of Kingsbarns
Castle Stuart Golf Links in Inverness - hole 9
Located in the Highlands capital of Inverness, the Castle Stuart Golf Links hosts the Scottish Open.
Courtesy of Castle Stuart
Crail Golfing Society - Craighead Links - hole 14
The Craighead Links at Crail Golfing Society is set on a cliff-top location in the East Neuk of Fife.
Machrihanish Dunes golf course - hole 10
Machrihanish Dunes is Scotland's newest links creation and is set on rugged dunesland.
Courtesy of Machrihanish Dunes
Craigielaw Golf Club - East Lothian
Craigielaw Golf Club, located next to Kilspindie Golf Club, is one of East Lothian's newer links.
Courtesy of Golf East Lothian
Turnberry Resort - Kintyre Course - hole 8
The 18-hole Kintyre Course plays beside the Ailsa Course at the Turnberry Resort.
Courtesy of relevantsearchscotland.co.uk
Trump International Golf Links
Opening in 2012, Trump International Golf Links is set on striking dunesland north of Aberdeen.
Courtesy of Trump International Golf Links
St. Andrews - Castle Course
The Castle Course at St. Andrews checks in at No. 65 on Golf Digest's list of the 100 greatest courses outside the U.S.
Courtesy of St. Andrews Links Trust
Fairmont St. Andrews - Torrance Course
The Torrance Course at the Fairmont St. Andrews boasts some of Scotland's finest greens.
Fairmont St. Andrews - Kittocks Course
The Kittocks Course at the Fairmont St. Andrews sits on transformed farmland just a mile outside the old town of St. Andrews.
Castle Stuart - Luke Donald
Luke Donald won the European Tour's Scottish Open, which was staged at Castle Stuart for the first time in 2011.
Warren Little/Getty Images
Renaissance Club - hole 11
The Tom Doak-designed Renaissance Club is just around the corner from Muirfield.